DIFFERENT ENGINEERING BRANCHES

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Chemical engineering is the application of chemical, physical, and biological sciences to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms.

TYPE

DISCRIPTION

Biomolecular engineering Focuses on the manufacturing of biomolecules.
Materials engineering Involves properties of matter (material) and its applications to engineering
Molecular engineering Focuses on the manufacturing of molecules.
Process engineering Focuses on the design, operation, control, and optimization of chemical processes.
Corrosion engineering Generally related to Metallurgy, Corrosion Engineering also relates to non-metallics including ceramics.

CIVIL ENGINEERING

Civil engineering comprises the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and natural built environments.

TYPE

DISCRIPTION

Environmental engineering The application of engineering to the improvement and protection of the environment
Geotechnical engineering Concerned with the behavior of earth materials at the site of a civil engineering project
Structural engineering The engineering of structures that support or resist structural loads
Mining engineering A mining engineer manages all phases of mining operations – from exploration and discovery of the mineral resource, through feasibility studies, mine design, development of plans, production and operations, to mine closure.
Transport engineering The use of engineering to ensure safe and efficient transportation of people and goods
Water resources engineering Prediction, planning, development and management of water resources

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Electrical engineering comprises the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.

TYPE

DISCRIPTION

Computer engineering The design and control of computing devices with the application of electrical systems.
Electronic engineering The design of circuits that use the electromagnetic properties of electrical components such as resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes and transistors to achieve a particular functionality.
Optical engineering The design of instruments and systems that utilize the properties of electromagnetic radiation.
Power engineering The generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, and the design of devices such as transformers, electric generators, electric motors, high-voltage engineering, and power electronics.

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 

Mechanical engineering comprises the design and analysis of heat and mechanical power for the operation of machines and mechanical systems.

TYPE

DISCRIPTION

Acoustical engineering Concerns the manipulation and control of vibration, especially vibration isolation and the reduction of unwanted sounds
Manufacturing engineering Concerns dealing with different manufacturing practices and the research and development of systems, processes, machines, tools and equipment.
Optomechanical engineering Field specific to the mechanical aspects of optical systems. Includes design, packaging, mounting, and alignment mechanisms specific to optical systems.
Thermal engineering Concerns heating or cooling of processes, equipment, or enclosed environments
Sports engineering Is a field of engineering that involves the design, development and testing of sport equipment.
Vehicle engineering The design, manufacture and operation of the systems and equipment that propel and control vehicles
Power plant engineering Field of engineering that designs, construct and maintains different types of power plants. Serves as the prime mover to produce electricity.
Energy engineering Energy engineers apply their skills to increase efficiency and further develop renewable sources of energy. The main job of energy engineers is to find the most efficient and sustainable ways to operate buildings and manufacturing processes.

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

Software engineering is the study and an application of engineering to the design, development, implementation and maintenance of software in a systematic method.

TYPE

DISCRIPTION

Computer-aided engineering Computer-aided engineering (CAE) is the broad usage of computer software to aid in engineering analysis tasks.
Cryptographic engineering Cryptographic Engineering is the discipline of using cryptography to solve human problems.
Teletraffic engineering Telecommunications traffic engineering, teletraffic engineering, or traffic engineering is the application of traffic engineering theory to telecommunications.
Web engineering The World Wide Web has become a major delivery platform for a variety of complex and sophisticated enterprise applications in several domains.

SYSTEMS ENGINEERING

Systems engineering is an interdisciplinary field of engineering that focuses on how to design and manage complex engineering projects over their life cycles. Issues, such as reliability, logistics, and coordination of different teams (requirements management), evaluation measurements, and other disciplines become more difficult when dealing with large or complex projects.

TYPE

DISCRIPTION

Aerospace engineering The application of engineering principles to aerospace systems such as aircraft, spacecraft, and ground control systems.
Agricultural engineering The application of engineering principles to agricultural fields such as farm power and machinery, biological material process, bioenergy, farm structures, and agricultural natural resources.
Applied engineering The field concerned with the application of management, design, and technical skills for the design and integration of systems, the execution of new product designs, the improvement of manufacturing processes, and the management and direction of physical and/or technical functions of a firm or organization.
Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes (e.g. diagnostic or therapeutic).
Biological engineering The application of engineering principles to the fields of biology and medicine.
Building services engineering Building services engineering, technical building services, architectural engineering, or building engineering is the engineering of the internal environment and environmental impact of a building. It essentially brings buildings and structures to life.
Energy engineering Energy engineering is a broad field of engineering dealing with energy efficiency, energy services, facility management, plant engineering, environmental compliance and alternative energy technologies.
Railway engineering Railway engineering is a multi-faceted engineering discipline dealing with the design, construction and operation of all types of railway systems.
Industrial engineering The design and analysis of logistical and resource systems.
Mechatronics engineering A hybrid of mechanical and electrical engineering, Commonly intended to examine the design of automation systems.
Management engineering Management Engineering or Engineering Management is a specialized form of management that is concerned with the application of engineering principles to business practice
Military engineering This is loosely defined as the art and practice of designing and building military weapons and vehicles, as well as maintaining lines of military transport and communications.
Nanoengineering The practice of engineering on the nanoscopic scale
Nuclear engineering The application of nuclear processes to engineering
Petroleum engineering The application of engineering principles to drilling for and producing crude oil and natural gas
Textile engineering Textile engineering courses deal with the application of scientific and engineering principles to the design and control of all aspects of fiber, textile, and apparel processes, products, and machinery.

 

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